Ruby Doris Smith (Robinson), a Spelman student, was a devoted member of both the Committee On Appeal for Human Rights and the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). She participated in numerous protests and arrested many times. She dropped out of school in 1961 to work full time with SNCC and was the first female to serve as executive secretary. She later completed her degree at Spelman in 1965. She particpated in Freedom Rides organized by COAHR and SNCC, protesting segregated waiting rooms in southern bus stations.